Sprouts contain many nutrients and fiber that are necessary for the body. There are many types of sprouts that can be grown, but you need to know which ones to grow and how to grow Sprouts to ensure the health of the whole family.
Sprouts are clean vegetables, often cultivated with common seeds such as radishes, mustard greens, beans, radish, cabbage, water spinach, onions, etc. Because sprout is a young vegetable, the content of Nutrition in sprouts is very high about five times the regular vegetables.
- 1 Benefits of growing sprouts at home
- 2 What are sprouts?
- 3 How to grow sprouts without soil at home
- 4 How to grow sprouts at home
- 5 Pay attention when growing sprouts at home
- 6 List of sprouts should not be eaten
Benefits of growing sprouts at home
American scientists have also found that sprouts are also suitable for healthy diets, containing antioxidants that help slow the aging process and prevent cancer risks.
Sprouts have a short growing time of 5-7 days to be harvested.
This vegetable is easy to eat, contains many healthy substances such as vitamins, protein, and useful enzymes. Common sprouts are grown, such as radishes, spinach, mustard, etc.
Eating sprouts regularly helps bring some benefits to the body, such as hair growth, providing fiber, protein, preventing cancer, and supplementing minerals.
The flavor of sprouts is also more delicious than regular vegetables. You only need to use a small amount of sprouts every day to provide enough nutrients for the body and is a great food to change the taste.
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What are sprouts?
Sprouts are young plants that sprout and grow without soil. In most cases, natural seeds are nutritious enough to germinate and produce two small cotyledons before light and soil are needed to grow. Sprouts are very succulent, soft and are used throughout the plant, including leaves, dark and easy to sprout clean. Sprouts are also a great choice for sandwiches and salads.
How to grow sprouts without soil at home
- Prepare tools and materials
- Choose sprouts seeds
Choose seeds specialized for growing sprouts with clear roots. Absolutely do not buy common vegetable seeds or unknown origin because these seeds often contain preservatives.
Sprouts can be grown with seeds such as white radish, mustard greens, mustard greens, spinach and amaranth.
Below is a list of the ideal seeds for sprouts and related information:
Land ( the base)
Through many scientific experiments, the substrate from coconut fiber has been treated as the best due to its superior properties.
The amount used is very small for each planting and can be reused many times.
If you take a foam tray (40cm x 50cm x 7cm) as a norm, 2 kg of substrate and 30 – 40g of seed are sufficient.
People often use coconut fiber to grow vegetable sprouts because it contains full of nutrients, and it is light so easy to transport and use.
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You can use many different materials. But the most convenient and easy to use is the foam tray.
Depending on the size of the tray, close the size shelf accordingly. Can close wooden shelves or iron shelves.
Use soft paper to line the substrate surface before sowing, so that after harvest, the substrate will not stick to the vegetables.
It is possible to use soft paper or paper purchased from votive goods.
The cover is used to cover the surface of the tray for the first 1-2 days before sowing.
Must use watering can with fog to irrigate. Steps to grow vegetables.
How to grow sprouts at home
Step 1: Soak the seeds
Only about 2-3 small spoonfuls of seed should be taken because then the seedlings will grow and occupy the full area of your jars and trays.
Wash seeds soaked in warm water (45 ÷ 500C) for 2 ÷ 5 hours (depending on the type of seeds: thick seeds soaked long skin, thin skin seeds soaked less time).
- For leafy vegetables:
Broccoli, amaranth, salad: soak for 3-5 hours, incubate for 8-12 hours
Spinach, spinach: soak for 3-5 hours, incubate for 12 – 36 hours
- For the spice vegetables:
Marjoram, perilla: soak for 3 – 8 hours, brew for 12 – 14 hours
Need, chives, onions, and cilantro: soak for about 8-12 hours, incubate for 12-24 hours
- For fruits and vegetables:
Gourd, squash, gourd, eggplant, tomato, cucumber: steep for 5 – 8 hours, brew for 12 – 14 hours
Okra: soaked for 8-12 hours, incubated for 12-14 hours
Dragon beans, bitter melon: soak for about 12-14 hours, incubate for 24 – 48 hours
Soak the seeds so that after soaking, we can remove the nuts and seeds. Then take out and drain. The purpose of seed drying is to ease sewing.
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Step 2: Setting the Base
Styrofoam tray for the substrate is about two ÷ 3cm thick. Make the surface flat to avoid cornering when sowing. Then spray water to wet the substrate. Spread absorbent paper over the surface of the substrate and spray the second time.
The purpose of spreading absorbent paper is to prevent the substrate from sticking to the tree, causing soil contamination during harvesting.
Step 3: Sow the seeds
Sow the seeds evenly over the surface of the substrate. Sowing density depends on the type of seed, but an average of 10gr of seed / 40cm2 substrate surface.
Water the spray slightly again. Use a cardboard sheet to cover the tray surface for two days.
Step 4: Take care of the sprouts
After 2-3 days of seed germination evenly, move the tray to a place with lots of light or light sunlight, avoiding direct sunlight and direct rain.
Water every day with a sprayer, twice a day in the early morning and in the afternoon, spray water on the surface of the tray.
Step 5: Harvest
Use a sharp knife to cut the stem of a sprout vegetable (or pull the vegetable out of the ground, cut it off with a pair of scissors). Rinse with clean water and use immediately.
Note: If vegetables are not used immediately, they should not be washed but put into bags in the cool compartment of the refrigerator. It can be stored in the refrigerator for 3-5 days.
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Pay attention when growing sprouts at home
Sprouts must be grown in a cool place with plenty of light but not in a sunny place, direct rain and drafts.
1 to 2 days after sowing the carton paper, water the mist lightly enough to dampen the tray surface.
One day before harvest, reduce or stop irrigation depending on the moisture content of the media.
List of sprouts should not be eaten
Some vegetables, when sprouting, will produce toxins that are harmful to human health, causing cancer or even poisoning. Therefore, for some of the following sprouts, you absolutely should not plant:
- Potato sprouts are one of the most toxic sprouts that should not be eaten.
- Sweet potato
The flavor of sprouts is also more delicious than regular vegetables. You only need to use a small amount of sprouts every day to provide enough nutrients for the body and is a great food to change the taste. Hopefully, AXIOS REVIEW provides you with useful information on how to grow sprouts at home . Cheer!